Intonation and Fundamental Frequency in Male-to-Female Transsexuals Twenty speakers, diagnosed as male-to-female transsexuals, produced conversational recordings of speech and voice. The samples were submitted to perceptual evaluations and to acoustic analysis by means of a Visi-Pitch, Apple IIe microcomputer system. Transsexuals categorized as having female voices had higher fundamental frequencies (f0), less extensive downward intonations, a higher ... Reports
Reports  |   February 01, 1990
Intonation and Fundamental Frequency in Male-to-Female Transsexuals
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   February 01, 1990
Intonation and Fundamental Frequency in Male-to-Female Transsexuals
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1990, Vol. 55, 43-50. doi:10.1044/jshd.5501.43
History: Received March 5, 1987 , Accepted March 22, 1989
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1990, Vol. 55, 43-50. doi:10.1044/jshd.5501.43
History: Received March 5, 1987; Accepted March 22, 1989

Twenty speakers, diagnosed as male-to-female transsexuals, produced conversational recordings of speech and voice. The samples were submitted to perceptual evaluations and to acoustic analysis by means of a Visi-Pitch, Apple IIe microcomputer system. Transsexuals categorized as having female voices had higher fundamental frequencies (f0), less extensive downward intonations, a higher percentage of upward intonations and downward shifts, and a smaller percentage of level intonations and level shifts than transsexuals categorized as having male voices. The lowest average f0 identified as belonging to a female speaker was 155 Hz. Higher (more feminine) ratings on the masculinity-femininity dimension correlated with f0 (r=.89), percentage of level shifts (r=–. 67), percentage of downward shifts (r=.50), percentage of level intonations (r=–.43), and percentage of upward intonations (r=.40). Findings are discussed in terms of the relative perceptual salience of average fundamental frequency and patterns of intonation for female voice quality.

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