A Spinach with A V on it What 3-Year-Olds See in Standard and Enhanced Blissymbols Reports
Reports  |   February 01, 1990
A Spinach with A V on it
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   February 01, 1990
A Spinach with A V on it
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1990, Vol. 55, 149-159. doi:10.1044/jshd.5501.149
History: Received January 24, 1989 , Accepted June 15, 1989
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1990, Vol. 55, 149-159. doi:10.1044/jshd.5501.149
History: Received January 24, 1989; Accepted June 15, 1989

To aid young children in learning and using Blissymbols, the characters are often enhanced by the drawing of additional components. Thirty standard or 30 enhanced Blissymbols, designed to represent familiar actions (10), attributes (10), and objects/entities (10), were shown to 20 normal 3-year-old children, who were asked to guess what they mean. Their responses were examined to learn what children perceive when they see such symbols. They mainly identified perceptual features and related elements of symbols to something with which they were familiar. The number of their guesses that referred to the embellishments of the enhanced Blissymbols was twice as great as the number that referred to the standard Blissymbol base. The results are discussed in terms of the role of enhancements and possible applications to symbol introduction, as well as an early glimpse at emerging literacy.

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