Symbolic Play and Social Participation Abilities of Language-Impaired and Normally Developing Children The symbolic play and social participation behaviors of 6 language-impaired and 8 normal language-learning children were compared on three measures of play: (a) the Symbolic Play Test (Lowe & Costello, 1976), (b) the Brown-Lunzer Scale (Brown, Redmond, Bass, Liebergott, & Swope, 1975), and (c) the Scale of Social Participation in ... Reports
Reports  |   February 01, 1987
Symbolic Play and Social Participation Abilities of Language-Impaired and Normally Developing Children
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   February 01, 1987
Symbolic Play and Social Participation Abilities of Language-Impaired and Normally Developing Children
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1987, Vol. 52, 17-29. doi:10.1044/jshd.5201.17
History: Received April 3, 1986 , Accepted May 16, 1986
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1987, Vol. 52, 17-29. doi:10.1044/jshd.5201.17
History: Received April 3, 1986; Accepted May 16, 1986

The symbolic play and social participation behaviors of 6 language-impaired and 8 normal language-learning children were compared on three measures of play: (a) the Symbolic Play Test (Lowe & Costello, 1976), (b) the Brown-Lunzer Scale (Brown, Redmond, Bass, Liebergott, & Swope, 1975), and (c) the Scale of Social Participation in Play (Tizard, Philps, & Plewis, 1976). Subject groups were equated for MLU (Brown, 1973), Developmental Sentence Scoring (Lee, 1974), and performance on the Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language (Carrow, 1973). Results indicated that the language-impaired subjects demonstrated significant deficits in symbolic, adaptive, and integrative play behaviors in comparison with the linguistically equivalent normal subjects. The language-impaired group also evidenced significantly more nonplay and significantly less solitary and parallel play than their normal peers. Findings are discussed with respect to the developmental relationship between language and cognition.

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