Accuracy of Adaptive Procedure Estimates of PB-Max Level A measure of maximum speech recognition ability (PB max) is often obtained in the clinical audiologic evaluation of patients. However, without developing a complete performance-intensity function (PIF), it is often difficult to determine an appropriate intensity level for measuring PB max.Levitt (1978) has described an adaptive procedure designed to estimate ... Reports
Reports  |   May 01, 1983
Accuracy of Adaptive Procedure Estimates of PB-Max Level
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   May 01, 1983
Accuracy of Adaptive Procedure Estimates of PB-Max Level
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1983, Vol. 48, 202-209. doi:10.1044/jshd.4802.202
History: Received January 11, 1982 , Accepted March 31, 1982
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1983, Vol. 48, 202-209. doi:10.1044/jshd.4802.202
History: Received January 11, 1982; Accepted March 31, 1982

A measure of maximum speech recognition ability (PB max) is often obtained in the clinical audiologic evaluation of patients. However, without developing a complete performance-intensity function (PIF), it is often difficult to determine an appropriate intensity level for measuring PB max.

Levitt (1978) has described an adaptive procedure designed to estimate an intensity level at which maximum speech recognition performance could be measured. We have investigated the accuracy of this procedure by comparing speech recognition performance on a CNC word list presented at the level estimated by the adaptive procedure with maximum performance as measured on the listener's performance-intensity function. Using the presentation level indicated by the adaptive procedure, PB max scores were obtained for 12 of 16 normally hearing subjects and 19 of 25 listeners with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. Similar accuracy was obtained for the hearing-impaired subjects using a single presentation level of 95 dB SPL, while use of a 40 dB SL speech level would have resulted in a lower proportion of PB-max measurements. Although PB max is most accurately estimated by delineating the entire performance-intensity function, the current results suggest that, if speech recognition is to be measured only at a single level, scores obtained at the level estimated by the adaptive procedure or at 95 dB SPL may serve as reasonable estimates of PB max for listeners with primarily cochlear hearing losses of ⩽ 50 dB.

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