Maximum Duration of Sustained /s/ and /z/ in Children It has been proposed in the clinical literature that a ratio of the maximum duration of /s/ to /z/ may be useful in determining the possible contributions of the respiratory and vocal mechanisms to a disordered voice. The purpose of this study was to obtain preliminary normative data for the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   May 01, 1980
Maximum Duration of Sustained /s/ and /z/ in Children
 
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Article Information
Research Article   |   May 01, 1980
Maximum Duration of Sustained /s/ and /z/ in Children
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1980, Vol. 45, 239-246. doi:10.1044/jshd.4502.239
History: Received May 16, 1979 , Accepted October 17, 1979
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1980, Vol. 45, 239-246. doi:10.1044/jshd.4502.239
History: Received May 16, 1979; Accepted October 17, 1979

It has been proposed in the clinical literature that a ratio of the maximum duration of /s/ to /z/ may be useful in determining the possible contributions of the respiratory and vocal mechanisms to a disordered voice. The purpose of this study was to obtain preliminary normative data for the maximum phoneme duration (MPD) of /s/ and /z/ and to determine the ratio of /s/ to /z/ in five, seven, and nine year olds. The results indicated that while there were no significant differences in MPD for either /s/ or /z/ between males and females at any one age level, there was a significant increase in the MPD of /s/ and /z/ for both sexes as a function of age. When the ratio of /s/ to /z/ was computed for the subjects, there were no significant differences in these ratios between males and females nor were there significant differences as a function of age.

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