Communicative Profiles of Preschool Children with Handicaps Implications for Early Identification Reports
Reports  |   May 01, 1989
Communicative Profiles of Preschool Children with Handicaps
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   May 01, 1989
Communicative Profiles of Preschool Children with Handicaps
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1989, Vol. 54, 148-158. doi:10.1044/jshd.5402.148
History: Received November 9, 1987 , Accepted March 17, 1988
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1989, Vol. 54, 148-158. doi:10.1044/jshd.5402.148
History: Received November 9, 1987; Accepted March 17, 1988

The purpose of this study was to compare the communicative profiles of preschool children with handicaps to those of normal children functioning in the prelinguistic and one-word stage using standard sampling procedures. The children with handicaps included 4 with Down syndrome, 4 with specific language impairments, and 3 with autism. Measures obtained from the communication samples included rates of intentional communication and proportions of communicative functions, discourse structure, communicative means, and syllabic shape. The results of the children with Down syndrome fell within the normal range on all parameters. The common pattern displayed by the children with specific language impairments was a deviation in syllabic shape. The children with autism displayed adequate rates of communicating but fell outside of the normal range for their language stage on the other communicative parameters. Clinical implications of these findings for the early identification of children with communicative impairments are discussed.

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