Reliability of Threshold, Slope, and PB Max for Monosyllabic Words The Auditec recordings of the CID W-22 monosyllables were used to generate test and retest intelligibility functions on normally hearing listeners and subjects with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. The normally hearing subjects were tested with 50-word lists at SPLs ranging from 15 to 50 dB. Lists of 25 words were ... Research Article
Research Article  |   May 01, 1985
Reliability of Threshold, Slope, and PB Max for Monosyllabic Words
 
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Article Information
Research Article   |   May 01, 1985
Reliability of Threshold, Slope, and PB Max for Monosyllabic Words
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1985, Vol. 50, 166-178. doi:10.1044/jshd.5002.166
History: Received May 21, 1984 , Accepted January 23, 1985
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, May 1985, Vol. 50, 166-178. doi:10.1044/jshd.5002.166
History: Received May 21, 1984; Accepted January 23, 1985

The Auditec recordings of the CID W-22 monosyllables were used to generate test and retest intelligibility functions on normally hearing listeners and subjects with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. The normally hearing subjects were tested with 50-word lists at SPLs ranging from 15 to 50 dB. Lists of 25 words were used with the hearing-impaired group. The functions were analyzed to assess the reliability of threshold (50% point), slope (20%–80% points), and maximum intelligibility (PB max). The 50% point was obtained at 28 dB SPL for the normally hearing listeners and at a sensation level (SL) of 12 dB re spondaic thresholds for the hearing-impaired group. Very stable monosyllabic thresholds were found because 95% of the test-retest values were within 6 dB for both subject groups. Slopes of 4.9% per dB and 2.7% per dB were obtained for the normally hearing and hearing-impaired groups, respectively. Fair reliability was observed; 95% of the test-retest values encompassed a range of ± 1.9% per dB for the normally hearing subjects and ± 1.1% per dB for the hearing-impaired group. Although group slopes provide useful information for selecting the range and step size for generating psychometric functions, the value of routinely obtaining slope on an individual basis has not been demonstrated. Even though the same word lists were used for both test and retest measurements, reliability closely agreed with predicted results based on the binomial theorem. In contrast to the large variability for a single list of 25 words, very stable PB max scores were found when two or three scores were averaged on the plateau of the function.

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