A Classical Conditioning Procedure for the Hearing Assessment of Multiply Handicapped Persons The present study evaluated the viability of a classical conditioning procedure with an air puff as unconditioned stimulus for the hearing assessment of multiply handicapped children and adolescents. All subjects were also exposed to operant conditioning, which consisted of a modified visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA) procedure or involved edible reinforcement ... Reports
Reports  |   February 01, 1989
A Classical Conditioning Procedure for the Hearing Assessment of Multiply Handicapped Persons
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   February 01, 1989
A Classical Conditioning Procedure for the Hearing Assessment of Multiply Handicapped Persons
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1989, Vol. 54, 88-93. doi:10.1044/jshd.5401.88
History: Received May 28, 1987 , Accepted March 9, 1988
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1989, Vol. 54, 88-93. doi:10.1044/jshd.5401.88
History: Received May 28, 1987; Accepted March 9, 1988

The present study evaluated the viability of a classical conditioning procedure with an air puff as unconditioned stimulus for the hearing assessment of multiply handicapped children and adolescents. All subjects were also exposed to operant conditioning, which consisted of a modified visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA) procedure or involved edible reinforcement contingent on a reaching response (for blind subjects). The findings indicate that the classical conditioning procedure was successful with 21 of the 23 subjects, whereas operant conditioning succeeded with 15 of the subjects. Thresholds obtained with classical conditioning were mostly equal to or within 10 dB of those obtained with operant conditioning and also matched previously available hearing estimates. These findings seem to suggest that the classical procedure can be a useful behavioral alternative for audiological assessment.

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