Predictors of Phonologic Inadequacy in Young Children Prone to Otitis Media Children who have experienced recurrent or persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) at an early age often evidence deficient phonological skills in preschool that require remediation. If it were possible to identify these children before age 3, speech stimulation procedures and/or medical preventive measures might be considered. Forty children between ... Reports
Reports  |   August 01, 1987
Predictors of Phonologic Inadequacy in Young Children Prone to Otitis Media
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   August 01, 1987
Predictors of Phonologic Inadequacy in Young Children Prone to Otitis Media
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, August 1987, Vol. 52, 232-242. doi:10.1044/jshd.5203.232
History: Received October 7, 1986 , Accepted January 5, 1987
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, August 1987, Vol. 52, 232-242. doi:10.1044/jshd.5203.232
History: Received October 7, 1986; Accepted January 5, 1987

Children who have experienced recurrent or persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) at an early age often evidence deficient phonological skills in preschool that require remediation. If it were possible to identify these children before age 3, speech stimulation procedures and/or medical preventive measures might be considered. Forty children between the ages of 18 and 85 months who were scheduled for tympanostomy and tube placement were assessed audiologically and phonologically, data from their medical histories were tabulated, and parental educational and occupational status were determined. The subjects were reexamined at intervals of 3–4 months until their phonological performance reached a level indicating that broad phoneme-class or syllable-position remediation would not be necessary, or they had passed their third birthday. Discriminant analysis and multiple regression procedures indicated that certain measures or conditions, in combination, are good predictors of later phonologic inadequacy. Low age-weighted scores on production of velars, liquids, and postvocalic singleton obstruents, along with elevated thresholds at 500 Hz and a history of early onset and late remission from OME, were the most important variables characterizing children who did not catch up phonologically by age 3. Importantly, data from no one area alone could identify these children as reliably as combined data from the three areas.

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