Use and Misuse of Norm-Referenced Test in Clinical Assessment A Hypothetical Case Article
Article  |   November 01, 1984
Use and Misuse of Norm-Referenced Test in Clinical Assessment
 
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Article Information
Article   |   November 01, 1984
Use and Misuse of Norm-Referenced Test in Clinical Assessment
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, November 1984, Vol. 49, 338-348. doi:10.1044/jshd.4904.338
History: Received October 25, 1983 , Accepted August 14, 1984
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, November 1984, Vol. 49, 338-348. doi:10.1044/jshd.4904.338
History: Received October 25, 1983; Accepted August 14, 1984

The purposes of this paper are to discuss concepts that are fundamental to the proper use of norm-referenced tests in clinical assessment, to consider common errors in the use of such tests, and to suggest alternatives to norm-referenced testing for certain assessment purposes. A hypothetical client is used to illustrate the following errors: the use of age-equivalent scores as the sole summary of test results, the use of individual items to formulate therapy objectives, and the failure to consider the possible effects of measurement error when difference scores are used to assess progress or to examine patterns of impairment.

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