Stuttering A Review of Research Findings and Theories circa 1982 Reports
Reports  |   August 1983
Stuttering
 
Author Notes
  • © 1983, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Article Information
Reports   |   August 1983
Stuttering
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, August 1983, Vol. 48, 226-246. doi:10.1044/jshd.4803.226
History: Received January 22, 1982 , Accepted November 12, 1982
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, August 1983, Vol. 48, 226-246. doi:10.1044/jshd.4803.226
History: Received January 22, 1982; Accepted November 12, 1982

The research literature on stuttering is extensive, spanning etiology, natural history, phenomenology, and treatment. In this review, existing empirical knowledge is distilled by attending only to replicated findings. These are designated as "facts." Facts concerning the natural history of idiopathic stuttering highlight early childhood onset, probability of recovery, and importance of a positive family history of stuttering. Corroborated evidence on stutterer-nonstutterer differences concerns intelligence distribution, speech development, central auditory function, and sensory-motor response. Predictable changes in stuttering frequency, and even total elimination of stuttering, occur under a remarkable variety of conditions. Review of therapies revealed two that satisfied the most stringent criteria for good treatment. Various theoretical positions are examined for their fit with the established facts. A model of stuttering as a genetically determined reduction in central capacity for efficient sensory-motor integration is preferred, provided acquisition of secondary symptoms is attributed to instrumental learning.

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