Tone in Thai Alaryngeal Speech The perception and production of linguistic tone was investigated in utterances spoken by Thai alaryngeal speakers. Thai is a tone language with five phonemic tones. High-quality tape recordings of five monosyllabic words produced by 2 esophageal, 1 electrolaryngeal, and 5 normal, native Thai speakers were subjected to perceptual and acoustic ... Reports
Reports  |   February 01, 1988
Tone in Thai Alaryngeal Speech
 
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Article Information
Reports   |   February 01, 1988
Tone in Thai Alaryngeal Speech
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1988, Vol. 53, 23-29. doi:10.1044/jshd.5301.23
History: Received September 4, 1986 , Accepted February 16, 1987
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1988, Vol. 53, 23-29. doi:10.1044/jshd.5301.23
History: Received September 4, 1986; Accepted February 16, 1987

The perception and production of linguistic tone was investigated in utterances spoken by Thai alaryngeal speakers. Thai is a tone language with five phonemic tones. High-quality tape recordings of five monosyllabic words produced by 2 esophageal, 1 electrolaryngeal, and 5 normal, native Thai speakers were subjected to perceptual and acoustic analysis. Results from the phonemic identification tests indicated that tones produced by alaryngeal speakers were not only perceived at much lower levels of accuracy than those produced by normal speakers, but the patterns of tonal confusions for alaryngeal speakers were also dissimilar to those for normal speakers. Results from fundamental frequency (Fo) analysis revealed that the performance deficit of alaryngeal speakers could be related to specific characteristics of their Fo contours. Findings are interpreted to highlight the importance of (a) language, (b) type of prosody, (c) form of alaryngeal speech, and (d) Fo level and direction on linguistic assessments of Fo control in alaryngeal speech.

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