Analysis and Remediation of Aphasia in the U.S.S.R The Contribution of A. R. Luria Article
Article  |   November 01, 1981
Analysis and Remediation of Aphasia in the U.S.S.R
 
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Article Information
Article   |   November 01, 1981
Analysis and Remediation of Aphasia in the U.S.S.R
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, November 1981, Vol. 46, 338-347. doi:10.1044/jshd.4604.338
History: Received February 7, 1981 , Accepted March 4, 1981
 
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, November 1981, Vol. 46, 338-347. doi:10.1044/jshd.4604.338
History: Received February 7, 1981; Accepted March 4, 1981

This paper surveys the contribution of A.R. Luria to aphasiology, emphasizing the unique extent to which he integrated theory and therapeutic practice. The influence exerted by two prominent Russian figures, Pavlov and Vygotskii, is discussed. Luria's view of the primary defects underlying the main forms of aphasia is summarised; this is followed by a brief account of his application of certain notions of structural linguistics, including Jakobson's interpretations of the breakdown of language following brain damage. Examples are given of the wide range of simple tests included in Luria's neuropsychological investigations. The factual part of the article culminates in some examples of his methods of restoring higher cortical functions, in particular, verbal skills. The summary criticizes certain aspects of Luria's analysis as being too mechanistic and simplistic, and cites criticisms of details from other workers, but considers many of his insights and the total coherence of his view of cortical functioning and cortical disturbance to be still of the utmost importance for clinicians undertaking aphasia therapy. The need for therapists everywhere to develop language rehabilitation with as systematic a basis as Luria's is stressed.

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